NUTRITION FACTSObesity is the result of an imbalance, usually chronic, between energy intake and energy expenditure, which brings a positive energy balance.
The most common diets are:
- Hypocaloric balanced, ie with a proper balance between carbohydrates, fats and proteins, in addition to minerals, vitamins and other essentials.
Disassociated, in which, for example, every day of the week one group of foods (meat, fish, dairy products, vegetables, etc.) are also low-calorie balanced diets consumed.
- Hipocalóricas hiperproteicas, which always must be done under strict medical supervision; their effectiveness is based on that, besides being very low calorie and easy to perform, generate, by themselves, metabolic modifications effective in controlling appetite and reducing fatty deposits, without modification of muscle mass.
- Diets can be also partially or totally substitute, if some or all foods are used in the form of instant preparations.
While 70-80% of energy expenditure of the organism occurs without our participation (organ function, temperature control, etc.) it is very important, complementary to exercise regularly.
Overall, with a balanced low-calorie diet, performed on an outpatient basis, is considered acceptable weight loss of 1-2 Kgs per week; with a high protein diet, also on an outpatient basis, you can get lost 3-5 Kgs per week.
It will always be accurate dietary reeducation to achieve stability of the results.